GAMBARAN FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI STATUS GIZI PADA REMAJA PUTRI SMP MUHAMMADIYAH 2 YOGYAKARTA
MAULID, ANDITYA RAKA NUR
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In adolescence there are physical, physiological, and psychosocial changes. Adolescents are susceptible to nutritional problems. Common nutritional problems are malnutrition and the wrong diet. Besides, this group is in a phase of rapid growth (Growth Spurt) so it needs a relatively large amount of nutrients. Teenage nutritional status can also be affected by several factors. Among them are factors of energy intake, physical activity, and body image. Energy intake seen from food and beverages consumed for 3 days in a row, physical activity seen from the activities undertaken by respondents for one week, and body image seen from the satisfaction of respondents to the physical condition. The purpose of this study is to determine the description of factors that affect the junior high school female adolescent status. The method use cross sectional, the sampling technique use simple random sampling. Sample in this research counted 76 people. The result of this research is data of nutritional status of female students having the ideal nutrition status are 36 people (47.4%), energy intake data obtained by majority of respondents with ideal BMI and less energy intake are 32 people (88,9%), then physical activity data was obtained by respondents with ideal BMI and low activity as much as 20 people (55,5%), and body image data obtained by majority of respondents with ideal BMI and positive body image are 28 people (77,8%). Suggestions for girl adolescents are expected to pay more attention to their nutritional status by consuming more food in accordance with the level of energy sufficiency of the body to avoid the various nutritional health problems and change the lifestyle becomes healthier.