IMPROVING BASIC SURGICAL SKILL WITH SUTURE PRACTICE ASSIGNMENT AT HOME FOR MEDICAL STUDENTS
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Background : The limited time to practice during practicum becomes a problem for student to have good basic surgical skill. Home assignment of making some types of suture such as simple interrupted sutures, continues sutures, horizontal mattress sutures and vertical mattress suture is expected to be a solution. Method : A cross sectional descriptive analytic study was carried out on total sample of 20 student that divided into two groups. Group A, group of 10 students were given four kinds of suture (simple interrupted sutures, continues sutures, horizontal mattress sutures and vertical mattress sutures) tutorial and they were given assignment to do the four kinds of sutures at home everyday and collected in the next day for seven days. Group B. group of 10 other students that were only given four kinds of sutures tutorial and opportunities to try independently during the practicum and allowed if they want to practice any of the time in the practicum room. After one week, an assesment was done based on the time it takes for each student to do four types of sutures. Result : Data analyzed with independent T-test, there were significant differences between two groups (sig.(2tailed)0,00<0,05). the average time from group A making the four types of sutures is 283 seconds while group B obtained the average time making the four types of sutures is 374 seconds. Conclusion : From the evaluation result it was found that there was a significant time difference between group A that were given assignment with group B that were not given assignment to practice at home. The method of home assignment is still effective in the world of education, a significant results indicates that individual awareness only is not optimal enough if it is not accompanied by other factors. Take home message : Home assignment is effective to improve learning outcome especially for limited time practicum conditions.