CHANGING FAMILY AND CHALLENGES OF ENGENDERING GOVERNMENT POLICY IN JAPAN AND ASEAN MEMBER COUNTRIES
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This research is aimed to (i) describe the the role of women in the family with the issue of family chang- ing (ii) to explore the ASEAN and Japanese government’s strategy and policy in protecting women. This research in particular uses Policy Analysis Framework to portrait the trends and engendering policy in anticipate changing family. This research relies on qualitative method analyze of the data trend from statistical reports on family changing trend. It is used to analyze the data trend from statistical reports on family changing trend. The major data on family changing will be drawn from many credible sources such as: (a) national population census data and official statistics published by national governments over five years; and (b) country reports, government in figures (c) country population figures collected. The result shows that patterns and trends in household size and living arrangements in ASEAN Coun- tries is different from Japan. The family changing in Japan highlight: first, the changing in lone parent families is critical issue in Japan due to female vulnerable labor forces. The main problem caused to economic hardship for the lone female parents is the legal status of lone parent households. Second, money for marriage was chosen as the most serious obstacle to marriage by both men and women, Ideology of “I-E” still plays crucial role in Japanese “family” system and its gender relations. “I-E” rep- resents “a quasi-kinship unit with a patriarchal head and members tied to him through real or symbolic blood relationship. Third, the spousal tax benefit in resulted in discouraging many women from seeking jobs. While in ASEAN, the family changing more on tackle issues of poverty, children employment, and fertility birth.