GAMBARAN BUNYI SENDI TEMPOROMANDIBULAR PADA PASIEN RSGM UMY BERDASARKAN TIPE MALOKLUSI
ASSYAHFANNY, SALSABILLA KHANSA SHAFINELLA
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Background: Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are a heterogeneous group of conditions that affect the temporomandibular joint and/or jaw muscles. The most common symptom found in someone with a temporomandibular joint disorder is joint sounds. The etiology of TMD is multifactorial, but the state of occlusion such as malocclusion is related to the development of temporomandibular joint dysfunction. Some studies stated that certain categories of malocclusion can result in TMD. Objective: Determine the number of RSGM UMY patients who experience joint sounds based on the type of malocclusion. Method: Descriptive observational with a cross-sectional research design. 240 samples were taken with accidental sampling technique according to inclusion and exclusion criteria. Examination of joint sounds is done by palpation and auscultation while the type of malocclusion is known from the intraoral examination. Results: Out of 240 samples examined, 49.6% experienced joint sounds and 50.4% did not experience joint sounds. In patients who experienced joint sounds, 73.9% class I malocclusion, 10.1% class II malocclusion and 16.0% class III malocclusion. Conclusion: The percentage of patients who experience joint sounds is 49.6%, where joint sounds are most commonly found in patients with class I malocclusion.