HUBUNGAN PREEKLAMPSIA PADA PRETERM DAN ATERM TERHADAP KEJADIAN IUGR DI RS PKU MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA TAHUN 2015-2018
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Background: The high maternal mortality rate in an area illustrates the low quality of mother’s health. But another greater impact of maternal death is the decline in the quality of life for infants and children. Maternal death is an event caused by various factors. These factors are far, near and between. Close factors in the death of pregnant women are usually caused by obstetric disorders such as preeclampsia, bleeding, and infection, or diseases suffered by pregnant women during or before pregnancy such as heart disease, malaria, tuberculosis, kidney, and AIDS. Intermediate factors are factors that are directly related to the health status of pregnant women such as maternal health conditions, reproductive conditions, access to health services, and attitudes in using health facilities. Factors far from the cause of death of pregnant women are usually caused by demographic and sociocultural factors. So far, preeclampsia is known as one of the most common causes of preterm labor and causes of perinatal death. This is related to the incidence of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR) is caused by multifactorial, placental insufficiency is one of the main causes of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). A study states that there is a significant relationship between the incidence of preeclampsia in pregnant women with the incidence of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR). Method: This study used an observational analytic method with a cross sectional approach to the research subjects. Results: Analysis of the correlation with Fischer showed a value of p = 0.335 so that there was no significant difference in the correlation between preeclampsia at preterm and term with the incidence of IUGR. Conclusion: There was no significant correlation between preeclampsia in preterm pregnancy and term with the incidence of Intrauterine Growth Restriction (IUGR).