POVERTY, MUSLIM ACTIVISM, AND SOCIAL WELFARE THE PHILANTHROPIC VISION OF CHARITABLE INSTITUTIONS IN INDONESIAN ISLAM(The Case Study of Muhammadiyah)
This paper observes the social and economic roles played by an Islamic organization , with special reference to the Muhammadiyah , the Indonesian second largest Muslim association. A closer attention is paid to the development of welfare ideology and social responsibility , suc as orphanage , house of the poor at the Muhammadiyah's council of alms,which represent its social and economic vision , have been highlighted . This paper points put that since the Muhammdiyah has recently been more bureaucratized and dealing with various profit and cost centers; it likely faces organizational and cultural predicaments in presenting the ideology of welfae-ism. In order to get a more elaborative assessment, the writer takes modern philanthropic definition into discussion as well as analyzes organizational policies and problems that the Muhammadiyah might have faced . The study reveals that to achieve a more actual meaning of social responsibility , with which the Muhammadiyah has been concerned, reinterpretation of religious doctrines is needed.