INTERNATIONAL PERSPECTIVE ON INCORPORATING GOOD GOVERNANCE PRINCIPLES IN THREE COUNTRIES’ LAND ADMINISTRATION SYSTEM: MALAYSIA, TURKEY AND INDONESIA
MAIDIN, AINUL JARIA
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A Global model on incorporating good governance principles for developing Land Administration System to support strategic programs such as sustainable development, national economic growth, and ordered social life is undeniable for each country all over the world. These are interrelated between national and international development. Key global challenges such as technology development, many economic reform, globalization, and sustainable development for particularly land policy are needed to be responded by which different national policy, legal framework, institution, and customary law must be energized, harmonized and revolutionized well national land policy. However, sharing and comparison among countries carry a considerable lesson to achieve more efficient and effective land administration system. This article discusses a comparative study among countries in incorporating good governance principles in the land administration system based on global perspectives. This is to examine the differences and similarities on several substantial aspects in the different land law system. From the whole views on the comparative study, this chapter steps firstly by illustrating of overviews indicators on the global perspectives of good land governance. Later on, it then explains land policy among three countries that includes the ideological background, principles, objective and targets and the institution; secondly, national legal framework, institutional structure, authority; thirdly, land use planning in tackling disaster; fourthly, organizational land authority; fifthly, appreciation to the customary law in the national land development that examines indicators of land administration system in the form of local community responses and public participation in land policy making.Comparative study among three countries: Indonesia, Malaysia and Turkey, showed similarities and differences. The compared objects consist of policy, legal framework and legislation, land use planning in response to the disasters; cooperation among land institutions in sharing the land information data, and the respectability of customary law in the land policy development. Similarities are shown by them due to the existence of obligatory international legal framework and also to attract international foreign investment. Meanwhile, differences are occurred due to consider different local political and social backgrounds.