THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS ANALYSIS OF TODDLER IN THE SMOKING FAMILY IN BOGOR
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The life cycle of toddler is characterized by rapid growth. This fact is resulting from the increasing need for nutrients. Nutritional status of toddler is determined by inadequate nutrition, infectious diseases, inadequate access to food and care during maternity, lack of infant health services, unhealthy environments and government policies in the social, economic, educational and health areas. The toddler’s growth is also influenced by the tobacco consumption habits of parents that lead to “displacement effect”, such as the reduced allocation for domestic investment growth of the children (nutrition, health and education) because the financial resources are used for buying cigarettes. The purpose of this study is to analyze nutritional status of the toddler from the family of smokers in the Mekarwangi Village, Tanah Sareal, Bogor. The study is conductcd in May to June 2011 using the cross-sectional study. The numbers of samples required are 92 families with the toddler and using the technique of the sample with the proportion of a population formula. Primary data is retrieved through measurement of height and weight of the toddler and distributing questionnaires to parents. Statistical analyzes performed unit variant and bi variant through Chi-square test to determine the relationship between the dependent variable (nutritional status of children) with the independent variables (number of family income, the number of cigarette consumption, type of cigarettes smoked, the allocation of expenditure for cigarettes, energy intake and nutrition knowledge ct=0.O5mother). This study finds that 83 children (90.2%) have a good nutritional status and 9 children (9.8%) with malnutrition status. More than 20% of family income per month in toddler with malnutrition is used to buy cigarettes. In a family with good nutritional status of the toddler, less than 20% of family income per month is used to buy cigarettes. A total of 53 respondents (57.6%) admit the number of family members who smoke is only one person. 49 respondents (53.3%) consume 10-14 cigarettes per day. A total of 62 respondents (67.4%) smoke in the house and as many as 67 respondents (72.8%) admit their toddler are exposed to cigarette’s smoke. About 59 respondents (64.1%) spend Rp. l0,000-Rp 20,000 per day to buy cigarettes. A total of 59 respondents (64.1%) have a desire to quit smoking in the past year. The bi variant of 95% confidence level sho’vs a significant correlation between family income, maternal nutrition knowledge, energy intake, number of cigarettes consumed and the allocation of household expenditures for smoking on nutritional status of toddler. On the other hand, there’s no significant relationship among sex, maternal occupation and type of cigarettes consumed. Based on this results, this study suggest that the Bogor Government, especially the government of Village Mekarwangi should apply the smoke-free area around the young children, put a banned on cigarettes advertising, promotion and sponsorship. The local government should encourage a program that can help people to quit smoking.