URBAN DWELLER PERCEPTION TOWARDS URBAN AGRICULTURE
NGAHDIMAN, IDA NAZIERA
MOHAMED, ZAINAL ABIDIN
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Urban agriculture has been popular among urban dwellers since the issues of food security and the migration of rural people to the urban areas cropped up. As in most part of the world, urban farming in Asia is also becoming an important activity among the urban dwellers. It is not only to ensure full utilization of the available space for agriculture but also for sustaining the food needs of the urban dwellers. In Japan, for example, urban agricultural practices include planting on the top of buildings and on the periphery of household with limited pieces of land. Thus, urban households are encouraged to practice urban agriculture in their own way in order to be subsistence in some food items and be involved in the urban agriculture campaign stipulated by the City Council and government in particular. Since the campaign and concept of urban agriculture are quite new in Malaysia, the objective of this study is to determine urban dwellers intention towards practicing urban agriculture especially among the strata households in selected areas around Putrajaya Federal Territory and its periphery. Multi-stage sampling technique involving stratified sampling and simple random sampling was used to select the respondents residing in the strata house. Face to face interview was carried out using structured questionnaire among four hundred (400) respondents. In this study, the descriptive analysis and factor analysis were applied to analyze the data. The finding of the study shows that majority of the respondents were female (69%). Most of the respondents were Malay (83%) followed by Indian (9.5%), Chinese (3.6%) and others. Also, Most of the respondent were married and have a household size between 4 to 6 people. In term of income distribution, most of the respondents earn less than three thousand ringgit (RM3000). The factor analysis generated four (4) latent factors that prescribed respondent intention towards practicing urban agriculture in surrounding areas within their household vicinity. These factors were positive perception towards the urban agricultural concept, confidence in practicing urban agriculture, influence by societal environment, and role model. These factors accounted for 67.45% of the variance in explaining the perception of respondents to practice urban agriculture. Hence, these factors can be used as campaign strategies to enhance urban agriculture practices among the dwellers in strata housing unit.