FOREIGN LABOR RECRUITMENT IN OIL PALM PLANTATION IN MALAYSIA
ABDULLAH, AMIN MAHIR
ISMAIL, MOHD MANSOR
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As oil palm plantation in Malaysia is progressively expanding, more labors are therefore needed. There are huge dependencies on foreign labors in the upstream sector mainly the fruit harvesters and field workers. This is to cater the labor shortage and there are about 77% of oil palm plantation workers are foreign labor, normally work in production stage. This study aims to investigate the factors and reasons for hiring foreign labor in the oil palm plantation sector. The survey was carried out by distributing the questionnaires to the plantation managers. The results show that 85% of employers recruit foreign labors because they are willing to work hard. Able to perform different task efficiently and work experience is the main criteria for the selection and recruitment. Labor from Indonesia is the most preferred due to high resilience, skills and work hard. The advantages of hiring foreign labors are they have a wide experience and willing work in remote locations. However, hiring foreign labor also brought some the negative impacts such as over-dependence on foreign labor and the outflow of remittance from this country. As a recommendation, the government should review the current policy on the recruitment of foreign labor and limit the immigration of them and provide more career development for local workers. The government is recommended to provide sufficient research funds for developing suitable and efficient technologies especially FFB harvester to replace or reduce the requirement of human labors.