STRENGTHENING THE ECONOMIC OF FOREST FRINGES COMMUNITY THROUGH MODEL FOR ENHANCING LOCAL CATTLE COMPETITIVENESS
SANTOSA, TEGUH HARI
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Local cattle competitiveness of forest fringe community was generally low, so that caused weaknesses of community economic. Effort for enhancing local cattle competitiveness will strengthen community economic through improving husbandry technology, structure of market and industry and condition of local cattle demand. Long purpose of this research was creating strong economics for fringes forest community. Special purpose in second year was implementing model for enhanching local cattle competitiveness at some district at East Java such as Sumenep, Tuban, Bojonegoro, Malang and Blitar. Methode which were used were PRA, FGD, RRA, indept interview and survey. Achievement of model was measured by comparative and competitive advantage analysis (DRCR and PCR). There were 4,729,298 cattles at East Java in 2015, 27 % of them were local cattle (Madura, Ongole, PO, Brahman, Bali). The biggest cattle producer at East Java were District of Sumenep, Tuban, Malang, Bojonegoro and Blitar. Comparative and competitive advantage of imported cattle was high which were showed by DRCR 0.4396 and PCR 0.4262. Whereas competitive advantage of local cattle was high, showed by PCR 0.3677, but comparative advantage was moderate, showed by DRCR 0.5134. Average profit by raising 2 – 3 imported cattles was Rp 1,490,140/cattle/month, while local cattle was Rp 1,454,000/cattle/moth. Imported cattle husbandry contribution on family income was 37.48 %, while local cattle was 33.91 %. Actually, local cattle husbandry relaStively need fewer capital, price of beef was more expensive and more popular to consumer because of less fat content. Six infrastucture of agribussiness which were needed for enhanching local cattle competitiveness were human resources, technology, capital, raw material, machines and market.