INCREASING FAMILY INVOLVEMENT TO REDUCE OF CIGARETTE CONSUMPTION WITH PARTICIPATORY LEARNING ACTION (PLA) APPROACH (CASES ON POVERTY FAMILIES IN URBAN AND RURAL AREAS IN YOGYAKARTA PROVINCES)
ROCHIMAH, TRI HASTUTI NUR
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Indonesia is one of countries with high cigarette consumption and production (Riskesdas,2010). Impact of cigarette consumption are burden of health, social, economic and environment. Every year death cases of smoker increasing. Many strategies already arrange for decreasing cigarette consumption. Participatory Learning Action (PLA) is a approach to socialize and communicate for handling social and health problems in communities. This research goals are to explore and mapping of smoking behavior and factors which in uence cigarette consumption. Research method is phenomenology. Data collection techniques are in-depth interviews and FGD. Subjects research are active and passive smokers in poverty families in Yogyakarta provinces. Results showed that most of smokers consumed cigarette both in and outside their house. Their family as passive smokers interpret smoking behavior as normal activities; although all of them desire their husband stop for smoking and they understand that consume cigarettes broke of health. Active smokers de ne cigarettes as their second wife. Without smoking cigarettes, they feel their life hard and they lack spirit to work. Smoking didn’t disturb their health or didn’t relate their health. Factors active smokers to keep smoking cigarettes are smoking as spirit to earn money and convenience of buying cigarettes even debt. PLA involve the society in process of deciding program suitable for their needs, their social and cultural condition, and their environment.