EDUKASI DAMPAK MEROKOK DAN MINUM ALKOHOL SEBAGAI UPAYA PENINGKATAN SELF AWARENESS DALAM MENGHINDARI FAKTOR RISIKO HIPERTENSI PADA MAHASISWA UNIVERSITAS MUHAMMADIYAH YOGYAKARTA
CAHYANI, AFRILIA NUR
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Background: Hypertension is one of the cardiovascular diseases suffered by many people. Hypertension can cause a variety of risks: obesity, lack of activity or exercise, people who consume too much salt, consume alcohol and smoke. Health education is an effort to increase self-awareness and also to motivate people to stop smoking and drinking alcohol. Everyone has different knowledge and self-awareness that can affect themselves for the better. High and low knowledge about education, environment and experience. Objective: To study the effect of education on smoking and drinking alcohol on self-awareness of risk factors for hypertension in Muhammadiyah University Yogyakarta students. Method: The design of this study is a research design that uses quasi-experimental using a pre-test & post-test approach with a control group design. The number of samples in this study were 27 respondents (intervention group) and 27 respondents (control group). The sampling technique in this study was clusster sampling. Results: The results of the Mann-Withney U test on the pre-test of self-awareness between the intervention group and the control group obtained a significant value of 0.746. These results showed a significant difference in the value of the pre-test of self-awareness between the intervention group and the control group before being given health education. While the results of the Mann-Whitney U test on the value of post test self-awareness between the intervention group and the control group obtained a significance value of 0.027. These results indicate a significant difference in the value of post test self-awareness between the intervention group and the control group after being given health education. The Wilcoxon test results of the self-awareness pre-test and post-test scores in the intervention group obtained a significant value of p = 0,000. These results showed a significant increase in self-awareness and post-test pre-test in the intervention group. While the results of the Wilcoxon test on the value of pre-test and post-test self-awareness in the control group obtained a significant value p = 0.102. Self awareness between pre test and post test in the control group. Conclusion: Educational risk factors for hypertension (smoking and alcohol) affect the self-awareness of Muhammadiyah University Yogyakarta students.