SIGNIFIKANSI ISLAM DALAM KEBIJAKAN POLITIK SINGAPURA: STUDI ATAS KEBIJAKAN LEE KUAN YEW
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The Malay Moslem community is actually a minority group in Singapore which is they consist 14.3% of whole citizen, while Chinese ethnic is a majority with 76%. The previous studies on minority in Souteast Asia such as Thailand, Philipine and Myanmar showed that mostly the Muslim minority was threated as marginal community, addresed negative stigma. Contrary, in Singapore, there are some policies released by Governtment under Lee kuan Yew administration those are very accommodative toward Islam (Malay), such as recognition of Bahasa Melayu as a national language and Malay which is identic as Moslem as indegeneous people of Singapore. In the other side, government also launched Administration of Muslim Law Act (AMLA), that guarante Moslem to run Islamic Law. One of the implementation of this act was the establishment of Majelis Ugama Islam Singapura (MUIS) for facilitating Moslem organizing zakat, haji (pilgrim), building Masjid and managing madrasah (Islamic school). Lee also demonstrated accommodative foreign policy toward its neigbhour, Indonesia and Malaysia. This research showed that thee accommodative policies driven by Lee’s judgment on Islam surrounding Singapore. Although Islam in Singapore is a minority, they have affairs with Islam in Malaysia and Indonesia, so that Cina is actually a minority in Southeast Asia. Beside, the fenomena of Islam’s awekaning in this region has been constructed as a threat toward Singapore.