PRAKTIK DUALISME PILIHAN POLITIK TAREKAT QADIRIYAH WA NAQSYABANDIYAH CUKIR DALAM PEMILIHAN BUPATI JOMBANG 2018
al-Abza, M. Thohar
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Tarekat teaches devotees not to glorify conglomerates, not to worship aristocrats and bureaucrats, not to lobby ministers and administrators, and not to accept gift from leaders. But, the tarekat of Qadiriyah wa Naqsyabandiyah in Cukir Jombang was actually involved in practical politics as supporter of Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (PPP) party and regent. In the case of Jombang regent election in 2018, the tarekat of Cukir made dualism practice in political choice; namely on one hand, the tarekat of Cukir became PPP partisans, but they neglected PPP's candidate of regent. On the other hand, they supported and bolstered the incumbent candidate promoted by Golongan Karya (Golkar) party. The question is, how the process of emergence of the dualism practice in political choice, and what influencing factors to the tarekat of Cukir on practicing dualism in political choice? Based on field research, this reseach uses qualitative approach with ethnographic design. The research data is collected from observation, interviews and documentation, and then analyzed with praxis and social theory developed by Bourdieu. The study results reveal several insights. First, the process of emergence of dualism practice in political choice by Tarekat Cukir: 1) supporting PPP party has become a habitus for the tarekat of Cukir which emerges through internal socialization process in the tarekat of Cukir by mursyid-murid relationship; 2) neglecting female candidate who are promoted by PPP emerges from internalization of environmental traditions and doctrine of religious teachings that tend to be paternalistic, and so, socialized in internal tarekat. Second, the influencing factors to the tarekat of Cukir on dualism practice in political choice; 1) they choose PPP because of the obligation for murid to obey the mursyid who has instructed to choose PPP. By that, the spiritual bond between murid and mursyid remains connected; 2) In Jombang regent election case in 2018, they neglected the candidate who was promoted by the PPP because they have been influenced by thruth beliefs that a female can not be elected as leader. Besides, the candidate also does not have merits for the progress of the tarekat of Cukir; 2) they support the incumbent candidate because he is male, strong, trustworthy, generous, and egalitarian.