TINDAK PIDANA KORUPSI DALAM BIDANG PERTANAHAN DI INDONESIA (Suatu Kajian Kritis Terhadap Program Pendaftaran Tanah Sistematis Lengkap)
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The Complete Systematic Land Registration Program as one of the embodiments of government innovation through the ATR/BPN Ministry for national land certification as a manifestation of the implementation of government obligations to ensure legal certainty and protection of community land ownership. However, in reality, the process of carrying out these activities is in several areas that are already in the category of corruption that have been decided and have permanent legal force. This study aims firstly to identify the factors that cause corruption in some PTSL implementations, secondly to evaluate the perspective of law enforcement of PTSL corruption that is primum remedium based on the principles of Good Governance General Principle, third, to develop the ideal concept adopted by the government as anti-corruption program efforts in the implementation of national strategic land programs, especially PTSL in the future. This research is analytical descriptive with normative law research. The research approach method used in writing this law is the Statute Approach, Conceptual Approach, Analytical Approach, and Case Approach. The results of the discussion and research can be concluded that the causes of the occurrence of criminal acts of corruption in several PTSL implementation, due to direct factors: (1) Opportunities, in terms of sufficient opportunities in committing criminal acts of corruption of PTSL; (2) Intentions and/or desires, in the sense of being encouraged because of the need in implementing PTSL; and (3) Lack of honorarium/salary of PTSL implementing committees, indirect factors: (1) Lack of detailed information to the public regarding PTSL rules and technical guidelines; (2) Lack of basic legal information about financing PTSL applications; and (3) Weak socialization and supervision from BPN and the Regional Government. The law enforcement of PTSL corruption which is primum remedium based on the AUPB principle has the viewpoint of conformity and the fulfillment of the intentions of the entire principles contained in Article 3 of Law Number 28 of 1999 concerning State Administration that is Clean and Free of Corruption, Collusion and Nepotism, and Article 10 paragraph (1) of Law Number 30 Year 2014 concerning Government Administration. The ideal concept in the future that should be taken by the government as an anticorruption program (fraud control plan) towards the national strategic land program, especially PTSL, is the need for an ideal concept consisting of external and internal concepts. Some of the ideal concepts that are needed in the efforts of anti-corruption programs (fraud control plan) on national strategic land programs, especially PTSL in the future, are also needed by government steps to conduct evaluations, updates, and/or changes to the provisions of the Joint Ministerial Decree 3 especially in the substance of the Seventh Dictum.