ENTRANCE AND EXIT WOUND IN GUNSHOT DEATH CASES AT FORENSIC AND MEDICOLEGAL INSTALLATION OF DR. SOETOMO HOSPITAL IN 2019: CASE STUDY
PANJAITAN, DESY MARTHA
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Background: A gunshot wound is damage caused by the penetration or contact of a bullet with the body. This type of wound is common in Indonesia, with a total of 10 deaths recorded in 2019 from the forensic medicine and medicolegal installation of the Dr. Soetomo hospital. The essential part of post mortem examination is distinguishing between entrance, range, and exit of gunshot wounds. Objective: This study aims to determine the strategies used by forensic pathologists to examine the entrance, range, and exit of gunshot wounds. Methods: Data was collected from the textbook and result of the visum et repertum in forensic medicine and medicolegal installation of the dr. Soetomo hospital. Results: The result showed that there are eight cases of ten cases which the number of entrance gunshot wounds are equal to the number of exit gunshot wounds. These ten cases were classified as a distant range. Conclusion:In conclusion, the entrance gunshot wounds differed from the exit with the range determined based on the wounds' pattern.