ENVIRONMENT RELATED TRADE BARRIED (ETBS) : THE IMPACT ON MUSLIM COUNTRIES
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This paper provides the issues of the Environment Related Trade Barries (ETB) as trade barriers in the multilateral trade liberalization from the early establishment of GATT. Also the intention of the discuccion is to highlight some broad definitions and general idea about the environmental obstacles to trade. Mentioned by Chaturvedi and Nagpal (2003) , environment-related trade barriers (ETBs) generally cover all barriers that been introduced by the importing country to protect the environment , as well as health and safety of wildlife, plants, animals and humans. They found that some developing countries have experienced losses in exports because of difficulties in complying with sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures in place in import markets. Developing countries always find difficulties in order to comply with the existing standards and regulatory structures on SPS in developed countries. The present expansion on environmental standards and regulatory structures on SPS in developed countries may have significant impacts on the market access for developing countries. Many developing countries fear that such standards will act as trade barries for their products to enter the industrialized country's markets. Moreover , there is some suspicious argument that developed countries try to use environmental standards as a restriction to protect their industries.