THE STRUGGLE FOR REGIONAL DOMINANCE IN THE HORN OF AFRICA; ITS HISTORICAL ROOTS AND FUTURE SCENARIOS
FAHAD, AHMED OMAR ABDALLEH
YASSIN, NURHASHIMAH MOHD
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Its a historical fact that horn of Africa region wasthe second birth place of islam in its early inception even before Madina al -Munawaroh , and also the second to accept islam after Mecca. It started with teh first Hijriah of the companions of the Prophet to Habshah or Abyssinia as it was known, and the subsequent conversion of the king Nagashi to islam. With the expansion of Islam, the major part of Abyssinia has since then became part of Islamic territory. Ethiopia was the heart of Christianity in Africa, and the Ethiopian Chursh has a long history. Its formal name is the Ethiopian Orthodox Union Church . The church traces its history from about AD 330, when Saint Fruentius was consecreted its first bishop by Saint Athanasius , patriarch of Alexandria, Egypt. After the 6th century, however , Ethiopia was practically isolated from the rest of the Christian world by the surrouncing Muslim power.