JAZĀ’ DAN RELEVANSINYA BAGI PENDIDIKAN
MetadataShow full item record
This research aims to study the interpretation of jaza’ (rewards and punishment) according to the perspective of Ahmad Mustafa al-Maragi in Tafsir Al-Maragi (Al- Maragi Interpretation). This research also aims to analyze the relevance of jaza’ to education according to the perspective of Tafsir Al-Maragi. The approach of this research was qualitative with library research type. The main sources included primary and secondary data. The primary data used was the book of Tafsir Al-Maragi written by Ahmad Mustafa al-Maragi, whereas the secondary data was the book of Al-Mu’jam Al Mufahras Li Alfazi Al-Qur’an an Al-Karim. The sources were used to compile verses which have similar theme to the al-Qur’an, Tafsir Al-Azhar, Tafsir al-Qur’anu al-zim, Ilmu Pendidikan Teoretis dan Praktis (Theoretical and Practical Education), Pengantar Metodik Dedaktic (Introduction to Deducted Methodic), zekr application, online KBBI (Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia/the Great Dictionary of Bahasa Indonesia), Lidwa Pustaka, as well as other scientific works related to the main theme. These data were collected through documentation method, and then were analyzed using analytical descriptive method. The research result shows that there are 43 verses discussing jaza’ in the al- Qur’an. However, there are many other verses explaining retaliation, as stated in several words, such as tsawab, ajrun, iqab and azab. Jaza’, in Tafsir Al-Maragi, is the retaliation against what human beings have done on earth. The retaliation shall be given righteously and containing motivation value so that human beings can be the better ones. Jaza’, according to the perspective of Tafsir al-Maragi, is very relevant to be applied in education. Jaza’ will give influence and motivation to students in order to be better as long as the application is accurate and not deviating al-Qur’an and hadits. Jaza’ is also known in one of learning theories, which is behavioristic theory, a theory that emphasizes on the establishment of behavioral changes via stimulus-response relationship. Jaza’ works as the stimulus, by which the students shall give responses through the actualization of their behavioral changes.